These 10 Nigerian agro industries are the key to success

Posted by Rachel Madison on 2018-01-12 17:21:00 | Views: 13 |

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These 10 Nigerian agro industries are the key to success

How is the power and strength of a country estimated? By its wealth, and the strength of its industries. (yes, military strength is also a yardstick, but an economically weak country will have a weak military too.) Different industries have their different functions, though some industries functions may overlap. However, it has become an obvious fact that for the Nigerian economy to grow to the level where it is prepared for whatever surprises crude oil exploration may bring in the future, we need the agro based industries! Yet what do we about the agro based industries in Nigeria?

cocoa production

The importance of agro based industries

Agricultural industries play a big role in the economy of Nigeria. They provide vital resources for industries that need raw materials from plants or farm animals. Hereís a short list of functions agricultural industries perform for the sake of the entire countryís economy:

agro based industries in Nigeria

READ ALSO: 6 million jobs were created as a result of increase in production of local rice - Minister

  1. Agro based industries in Nigeria provide raw materials for consumer goods.
  2. They also supply workers of other industries with food products.
  3. Agricultural industries purchase goods produced by other industries.
  4. The development of agro based branches of the economy causes the consequential growth of agriculture dependent industries.
  5. The agricultural sector provides numerous jobs.
  6. Agriculture uses a huge amount of chemicals produced by specialized industries: pesticides, herbicides, artificial fertilizers, etc.
  7. Sometimes, agricultural activities develop lands for the expansion of industries.

The connection between the agricultural sector of the economy and manufacturing industry is mutual. Thereís no agriculture without the tools and machines that are provided by other industries. This is why each of them has a significant weight in the development of the country.

Types of agro based industries

Agro based industry are categorized depending on the type of raw materials associated with them. They are as follows:

  • Beverage production: coffee, tea, cocoa
  • Soap production: oil seeds or crude oils
  • Feed mill: grains and crops
  • Tyre production: natural latex
  • Sugar production: sugar cane
  • Paper production: wood pulp
  • Starch production: manioc and maise
  • Tobacco production: tobacco leaves
  • Textile production: cotton
  • Canned fruits production: fruits
  • Oil mill: oil seeds

Nigeriaís main agro based industries and their raw materials

Now, letís see, what the 10 agro based industries in Nigeria are and what they need for functioning.

1. Cotton

cotton in Nigeria

Cotton is one of the most important cash crops in Nigeria. Itís used to produce fabrics of different types, cotton balls for health and beauty care, etc. Cotton seeds when crushed can be used to produce cotton seed oil, which is used in cooking, cosmetics, medications, and other everyday goods. Even cotton hulls are very useful, after the wool and seeds are removed, the hulls, which contain plenty of fiber, are cleaned from unnecessary remnants and used to feed ruminants. A diet that contains a lot of the cotton hull fibers is protein-rich and prevents digestive malfunctions in ruminants.

2. Cassava

cassava in Nigeria

Cassava is planted almost all over the country by farmers. Itís highly nourishing and can be eaten in a wide range of ways. Cassava can also be ground to flour and starch. Cassava is used widely in medications, food products of various types, chemicals, cosmetics, and so on. The cassava starch is also used in non-food industries to create adhesives. The skin that remain after the processing of cassava are usually dried and powdered to be used in the feed for livestock.

3. Cashew nuts and wood

cashew in Nigeria

In Nigeria, cashew is being cultivated for its wood, apples, and kernels. Kernels are used as a food product and as a source of valuable oil. Wood is normally used to produce furniture and boats for fishing. Apples give off juice, they are used to produce jam and alcohol. Cashew leaves are used as natural medications and source of adhesives.

4. Yam

yam in Nigeria

This food product is planted all over the country. Just like cassava, it can be ground to create flour or can be cooked in diverse ways. The peels that remain after the procession of yam are used as a part of broiler chicken feed. Besides that, researching is being conducted presently to find out whether itís reasonable to use yam peel for the production of ethanol or biogas.

5. Palm oil

palm oil in Nigeria

This oil is widely used in cooking and non-food industries. Itís a part of many cosmetic and beauty care products like soaps and creams. The oil thatís extracted from the tree pulp is used for cooking purposes, while the oil thatís gathered from the crushed seeds is more suitable for cosmetics. The fibers are used to receive useful ashes, which then become a part of washing agents.

6. Cocoa

cocoa in Nigeria

Cocoa is the key ingredient of chocolate and cosmetic goods. Powdered cocoa beans are another important part of different types of chocolate and other goods that bear the chocolate flavor. Sub-products of cocoa procession are also used as fertilizers and washing agents.

7. Groundnuts

groundnut in Nigeria

The kernels of groundnuts are used as snacks but the most important what can be received from the plant is the seed oil. Itís used for cooking, in cosmetics, chemical goods like varnishes and polishes, and in medications, like nitroglycerine. Shells are used to feed livestock.

8. Bananas

bananas in Nigeria

These fruits are among the most common Nigerian agro based industries products. They are cultivated all over the country where they are eaten as they are, ground to receive flour, or cooked in different ways. Fibers are used to create accessories and clothing items like hats or belts. Peels and other parts of the plant are used to create flavoring agents.

9. Pepper

pepper in Nigeria

Nigeria produces numerous types of pepper that are used actively in local cuisine and exported abroad.

10. Wheat

wheat in Nigeria

There are several types of wheat that are raised in Nigeria. Some of them are used as human food products and others together with wheat bran are prepared to provide feed for livestock. Wheat is ground to make wheat flour and used as a raw material for beverages and alcohol.

These are the main Nigerian industries that are based on the agricultural sector of the economy. They are currently going through development process in order to become a stronger support for the country.

READ ALSO: The role of agriculture in Nigeria's economic development

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Source: Naija.ng

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